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Вы здесь: ПубликацииЭлектромонтажные работы • Какие бывают светильники наружного освещения

Какие бывают светильники наружного освещения

Автор: Ravshan
Источник: Как построить дом своими руками
Опубликовано: 04 марта 2013 в 12:22 [69]

Специалисты относят к группе светильников для наружного освещения довольно большую группу разнообразных осветительных приборов. Приборов, которые предназначены для освещения (общего или конкретного) прилегающих участков зданий и улиц, аллей, некоторых архитектурных элементов самого здания. В этот список входят: классические светильники и фонари, лампы, прочее. Причем конфигурации и формы могут быть самыми различными.

Классическим уличным светильником считается такой осветительный прибор, который дает равномерный стабильный свет, как правило - рассеивающийся во все стороны с одинаковой интенсивностью. При этом варианты конструкции светильника вполне могут быть разнообразными. Различаться могут и типы крепления: встраиваемые, устанавливаемые на опорах, подвесные и другие.

Наиболее востребованной группой для городских улиц считаются уличные фонари. Они могут быть выполнены в стандартном или оригинальном стиле, и использоваться в декоративных и прагматических целях. Уличные фонари могут стать отличным украшением и для загородного дома, особенно если вокруг него имеется как минимум средний по размеру участок земли.

Какие бывают светильники наружного освещения?

Очень удобным и привлекательным видом оформления считается вариант, когда коттедж находится в некоторой отдаленности от ворот (другого входа на территорию), и от ворот до порога дома проложена дорожка, но обеим сторонам которой устанавливается некоторое количество (парное) декоративных фонарей. Причем фонари могут быть как на ножках, так и наземные, в виде встроенных в обочины дороги плоских круглых вертикальных фонарей.

Чаще всего, светильники наружного освещения изготавливают с учетом длительного (возможного) воздействия некоторых деструктивных факторов: пыли, влаги, твердых предметов (типа града, фрагментов строений), критических порогов температур, атмосферных явлений и так далее. Специфичный набор требований предъявляют прежде всего к изоляции основных токоведущих элементов светильников такого рода. Наиболее важны хорошие показатели вандалоустойчивости. Без них размещение светильников снаружи может быть нерациональным и излишне дорогостоящим. Второе главное требование - влагоустойчивость. В любом типе климата это требование будет в числе основных.

Все светильники, устанавливаемые снаружи, имеют определенный (часто - значительный) срок эксплуатации. У них отличный уровень светового потока (стабильный и одинаково мощный в любую секунду работы), высокая световая отдача.

Помимо дорожек, наружное освещение любого загородного дома устанавливается на пороге, монтируется у всех выходов и входов в основной дом, на входе в хозяйственные пристройки. Правильно оборудованное наружное освещение позволяет повысить безопасность непосредственного перемещения по территории (имеется ввиду в темное время суток), понизят уровень травмоопасности. Кроме того, оно способно создать привлекательный декоративный эффект, значительно улучшить внешний декор загородного дома.

Как сделать арку из гипсокартона своими рукамиКак построить дом своими рукамиХорошо оборудованной гардеробной пригодятся двери-купе
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