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Вы здесь: ПубликацииУстройство кровли • Виды кровли крыш

Виды кровли крыш

Автор: Ravshan
Источник: Как построить дом
Опубликовано: 23 июля 2012 в 21:55 [21]

Вы мечтаете о загородном доме? Вы очень долго продумываете все варианты его конфигурации, количество этажей, комнат. Конечно же, перед вами станет вопрос о крыше вашего дома, ее форме и материале для ее изготовления. Крыша и материал ее кровли в комплекте с фундаментом и стенами, представляет собой комплекс, определяющий определенную степень долговечности и надежности вашего загородного дома или коттеджа. Крыша - это полная конструкция, которая включает в себя все защитные элементы загородного дома: водоотвод и теплоизоляция, гидроизоляция, стропильная несущая конструкция.

Для разных видов загородных домов необходима и разная крыша. Выбор крыши и виды кровли крыш выбираются в зависимости от климатических условий, от размера самого коттеджа или загородного дома. А также размеров дома и пожеланий хозяев дома. Особое значение в долгосрочной службе крыш играет материал ее кровли. Один вид материалов применяется на крышах плоской формы, другой материал предназначен для использования на крышах с большим уклоном или на крышах ломаной формы.

Каждый кровельный материал обладает своими преимуществами и недостатками. Основное назначение кровельного материала - обеспечение защиты здания от попадания внутрь него влаги. Кроме этого, кровельный материал должен быть стойким к температурным перепадам, к механическим воздействиям, а также быть способным выдержать ветровую нагрузку. Совершенно условно кровельные материалы подразделяют на листовые и мелкоформатные, т.е. штучные. По типу сырья, из которого изготавливаются различные виды кровли крыш, они бывают металлические, керамические, битумная черепица, которую называют мягкой кровлей, камышовые и дранка (деревянная щепа.)

Медь представляет собой очень дорогой кровельный материал. Зато срок ее службы очень большой - более ста лет. За такой кровлей нет необходимости в ухаживании, ну а при надобности она очень легко чинится. Медная кровля великолепно смотрится на крышах загородных домов, придает им изысканность и величие.

Одним из самых популярных видов кровельных материалов является металлическая кровля. А медная и титановая кровля относятся к виду самых элитных кровельных материалов.

Кровли из битума обладают замечательными звуко- и гидроизоляционными свойствами, они не реагируют на атмосферные изменения, на агрессивные среды - кислоты и щелочи. Битумные кровли имеют высокие показатели по теплостойстойкости и морозоустойчивости. Кровли из битума получили сегодня большое распространение во всем мире. Битумную черепицу изготавливают во многих европейских странах.

Самым популярным видом кровли является черепичная кровля. Черепица обладает высокими устойчивыми качествами к гибельным влияниям окружающей среды. Она водонепроницаема, очень прочная, и самое главное - представляет собой экологически чистый и безопасный природный материал. При качественном монтаже черепичной кровли она прослужит своим хозяевам более пятидесяти лет.

Одним из древних кровельных материалов считается сланец. Сланец представляет собой тонкие каменные пластины, которые накладываются друг на друга в очень плотном порядке и таким образом образуют на поверхности крыши каменную чешую.

Технология отделочных работКак построить дом своими рукамиКак построить баню из бруса
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Другие интересные публикации:

Особенности монтажа металлочерепицы
Устройство плоской крыши: плюсы и минусы
Фальцевая кровля. Монтаж такой кровли
Какой выбрать материал для кровли крыш
Технология устройства кровли
Медная кровля. Особенности монтажа

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