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Вы здесь: ПубликацииЭтапы строительства • Этап 1. Выбор участка

Этап 1. Выбор участка

Автор: Ravshan
Источник: Как построить дом своими руками
Опубликовано: 19 апреля 2013 в 09:00 [86]

Итак, решение о строительстве своего дома принято. Какими должны быть следующие шаги? Первоочередная задача, которую необходимо решить непосредственно перед началом строительства - это выбор земельного участка для постройки дома.

Цена вопроса: какие факторы её формируют

Согласно статистике, на покупку участка под застройку в среднем уходит до 20% общей суммы от стоимости всего строительства. Цена земли тем выше, чем ближе располагается участок к городу и чем более престижен и востребован данный район. Также на стоимость земли серьёзно влияет доступность централизованных коммуникаций (магистрального газопровода, электрической и канализационных сетей и т.п.). Чем дальше от города и в более глухом месте приобретается земля, тем меньше она обычно стоит.

Но следует иметь в виду, что экономия на этапе покупки участка с неразвитой инфраструктурой в дальнейшем, как правило, выливается в значительные вложения в её развитие. Так как без газа, электричества, канализации и других благ цивилизации жизнь современного человека полноценной, конечно, считать нельзя.

Выбор земельного участка под строительство загородного дома

Размеры и геология участка

После того, как район приобретения участка определён, необходимо разобраться с его размерами. Площадь участка определяется исходя из ваших планов - собираетесь ли вы обойтись только домом, или понадобятся дополнительные хозяйственные постройки; планируете ли вы обзаводиться садом или огородом, для которых также требуется дополнительное пространство.

Исходя из существующей практики, оптимальный размер участка можно определить по формуле 1:10 - где на единицу площади дома должны приходиться 10 единиц площади земли. То есть, общая площадь дома умножается на десять - полученная цифра и будет оптимальной величиной вашего участка.

Перед приобретением проекта дома и началом строительных работ не помешает провести геологическое и геодезическое исследование местности. Делается это, во-первых, с целью определения пригодности данного участка для жилого строительства, и, во-вторых, для адаптации в случае необходимости (уклон или неровный рельеф, близкий расположение грунтовых вод и т.д.) проекта к особенностям застройки. Под адаптацией имеется в виду подгонка проекта - выбор типа фундамента и других конструктивных характеристик дома, а также более точный расчёт стоимости проведения строительных работ.

Не рекомендуется строиться вблизи от полноводной (шире 10 метров) реки, из-за возможности регулярных подтоплений во время весенних половодий. К тому же расположение водоёма ближе, чем в 150 метрах от дома, может создать проблемы с СЭС, так как требования к вашей канализации (в ситуации, если она окажется локальной) в этом случае будут особенно жёсткими.

Обязательно продумайте расположение комнат относительно солнца - если вы не любите солнце в спальне по утрам, ориентируйте окна на западную сторону. Ну и обязательно познакомьтесь с соседями - в условиях сельской местности хорошие соседи не менее важный фактор, чем в условиях городской квартиры.

Этап 2. Разработка проекта домаКак построить дом своими рукамиОсобенности ипотеки на строительство дома
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Другие интересные публикации:

Этап 2. Разработка проекта дома
Этап 3. Фундамент. Работы нулевого цикла
Этап 4. Возведение внешних и внутренних стен
Этап 5. Крыши
Этап 6. Установка окон и входных дверей. Внешняя отделка
Этап 7. Электрика

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